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Assignment 2:

For the locations absent, we can see that most, if not all of them, are the given names of locations when one of the government powers controlled them during the time of Crusoe. For example, the long stretch of land in North Africa previously known as Barbary is now replaced by Mauritania, Niger, Algeria, Chad, etc. Also, you have places such as Dunkirk and St. Augustine, two locations that hold significance for the government powers Spain and England who were the leading powers for discovery and trade at that time. The absence of various locations on the current map provided by MyMaps demonstrates the shift from colonialism, under the powers of England and Spain, to the fight for independence in various areas of the world which would continue for centuries after Dafoe writes Robinson Crusoe. Even if some of the locations listed are fictional, they still have the characteristics of colonialism and imperialism which can be seen as Crusoe increasingly views his fictional island as an empire in which he is the ruler and those who choose to live there must recognize him as ruler. In addition, the various locations speak to the war between Spain and England for extending their respective empires through trade and conquest. This relationship between Spain and England helps give context to Crusoe’s biased remarks about Spain’s treatment of natives in their inhabited lands, despite England doing similar. These remarks, as well as the competition between Spain and England, allow the reader to see the growth Crusoe has gained on the island, away from the bias of those in England, seen as he makes sure that the English mutineers who are left on the island treat the Spanish sailors with respect when they return.